New study shows climate change threatening life in Asia
- Six degree celsius temperature rise projected in Asia by end of century, with possibility of surge to 8 degrees

Unabated climate change would severely affect future growth, reverse development and lower the quality of life in countries in Asia and the Pacific, according to a report by the Asian Development Bank and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research on Friday.

Under a business-as-usual scenario, a 6 degree celsius temperature increase is projected over the Asian landmass by the end of the century, while some countries could face hotter climate rises up to 8 degree celsius, the report said.

Such increases in temperature would lead to drastic changes in the region’s weather system, agriculture and fisheries sectors, land and marine biodiversity, domestic and regional security, trade, urban development, migration, and health even leading to death, the report underlined.

A warmer climate for the region could also endanger energy supply, the report said.

"Climate change can exacerbate energy insecurity through continued reliance on unsustainable fossil fuels, reduced capacities of thermal power plants due to a scarcity of cooling water and intermittent performance of hydropower plants as a result of uncertain water discharges, among other factors. Energy insecurity could lead to conflicts as countries competing for limited energy supply," the report said.

“The global climate crisis is arguably the biggest challenge human civilization faces in the 21st century, with the Asia and Pacific region at the heart of it all,” said Bambang Susantono, ADB vice-president for knowledge management and sustainable development.

Mitigation and adaptation efforts need to be quickly and strongly implemented, Susantono urged.

To mitigate the impact of climate change, the report highlights the importance of implementing the commitments laid out in the Paris Agreement, working towards limiting the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees celsius.

Necessary action includes "public and private investments focused on the rapid decarbonization of the Asian economy as well as the implementation of adaptation measures to protect the region’s most vulnerable populations."

"Climate mitigation and adaptation efforts should also be mainstreamed into macro-level regional development strategies and micro-level project planning in all sectors, in addition to the ongoing renewable energy and technology innovation efforts in urban infrastructure and transport," the report said.

The region has both the capacity and weight of influence to move towards sustainable development pathways, curb global emissions and promote adaptation, the report argued.

"Leading the clean industrial revolution will provide Asia with unprecedented economic opportunities. And exploring the best strategies to absorb the shocks of environmental change will make Asia a crucial actor in 21st-century multilateralism," the report said.

By Zeynep Beyza Kilic

Anadolu Agency



14 Jul,2017